Largemouth bass live in lakes, rivers, and waterways throughout North America. They are often found near underwater cover including thick weeds, lily pads and sunken objects. Effective methods for catching largemouth bass are bait casting, drift fishing, fly fishing and a unique technique called “dragging”.
Habitat: Lake, Pond
How to identify Largemouth Bass
Largemouth bass look very similar to smallmouth bass and other species of black bass (e.g. Redeye, Spotted, etc.) They are distinguishable from similar species by a large slightly slopped mouth that extends nearly to the rear of the eye. There is also a noticeable dip separating the first and second dorsal fins.
Largemouths are typically green or olive-green with dark, horizontal markings along their sides. Dorsal fins have soft rays, and the tail is slightly forked. As a largemouths age, their coloring tends to becoming darkering. Largmouth bass in murky water may become dark brown or nearly black.
Largemouth bass average from 1 to 4.5 pounds and 12 to 24 inches. The largest largemouth bass on record was 22 pounds and 4 ounces, captured by George Perry on Montgomery Lake in Georgia in 1932. While not common, every year anglers reel in a few largemouth bass in the 10 to 20 pound range.
Where to catch Largemouth Bass
These fish can be found throughout the U.S., though the largest populations of largemouths is in the southern and eastern United States. Because they are a popular game fish, they’ve been introduced around the world and can now be be found in Asia, Europe, South America, Central America, and Africa.
Largemouth bass live in freshwater lakes, rivers, and waterways, though they are most common in shallow lakes, ponds and the backwaters of pools. They also live in brackish (a mix of fresh and saltwater) waters. Their preferred habitat is vegetation with thick weeds or near sunken objects that provide cover where they can escape predation and ambush prey. Fishing along vegetation, under lilypads, and near structure is where you’re most likely to get a bite.
Largemouths will migrate to deeper water as winter approaches and water temperatures cool. During later winter and early spring as water temperatures rise, bass will begin moving into the shallows. Largemouth bass are known to migrate back and forth between the shallows and deeper waters as temperatures fluctuate. During the heat of summer, largemouths will often move yet again back to deeper waters.
The following are habitats where you can catch Largemouth Bass:
- Freshwater Weed Beds
- Gradual Shores
- Lake and Pond Fishing Holes
- Inlets and Outlets
- Open Water
- Piers, Docks and Pilings
- Shoreline Shallows
- Springs Holes
- Sunken Objects
- Walkways and Bridges
When to fish Largemouth Bass
Largemouth bass can be fished year round. However, they are more active, and likely to bite during certain times of the year. As you consider when to go fishing for Largemouth bass, remember, these are cold-blooded fish. They’re going to be more active when water temperatures are a bit warmer and less active as temperatures cool drammatically. As a rule of thumb, you’re going to catch more bass during warmer weather.
Not surprisingly, summer tends to be the best time of year for Largemouth bass fishing. However, summer fishing conditions for Largemouths will vary regionally. Florida, Texas, Lousiana, South Carolina and other southern states are going to experience a longer more productive fishing season than more northerly states such as Michigan and Pennsylvania.
During the late spring and summer, early mornings and evenings are typically the best time to catch largemouth bass as they will try to escape the heat by taking shelter during the day. During hotter summer months, bass tend to be more active during the hours of the day when the water is cooler and the sun is not as strong.
As water temperatures cool off in late fall into winter, Largemouth bass’ metabolism slows and they become less active. During winter months, your best bet for catching largemouths is when the water is at it’s warmest between about 2 p.m. and sunset. But this time the sun has warmed the water a little, baitfish are active, and bass can feed.
Largemouth bass can also be targeted at night. Bass will often head for the shallows after dark in look of small bait fish and other morsels. At night, the best place to fish largemouth bass is along the transition where deep water is closest to the shoreline.
How to catch Largemouth Bass
The most popular methods for catching largemouth bass include bait casting, drift fishing, still fishing and top water fishing using jigs and artificial lures. Another effective fishing technique for catching largemouth bass is “dragging”.
Dragging is a popular method that includes using a plastic baits and a Carolina rig. The technique is performed by smoothly dragging the rig across an open target area. This works best in areas without a lot of vegetation. In areas with a lot of grass, anglers should try wacky fishing with worms.
While less popular, fly fishing is a tried and proven method for catching largemouths. If you’re a fly fishing aficionado, this just may be the technique for you. When fly fishing for largemouths, heavy gear is advised. Brightly colored flies usually help catch the fish’s attention. Use weighted flies in the late summer to help reach the deeper areas where the bass tend to congregate as the water temperatures cool.
The following are the most popular methods and techniques for catching Largemouth Bass:
Best Lures, Bait & Tackle to catch Largemouth Bass
Jigs, plugs, spinners, minnows, and artificial lures are all effective for catching largemouth bass. Other good bait choices include crankbaits, jerk baits, hoppers and bass fishing rigs. When using flies, choose those with colorful or shiny streamers.
The following are fishing lures, bait and tackle that can be used to catch Largemouth Bass:
The best lures for fishing largemouths will vary from season to season as water temperatures fluctuate. The following chart provides recommended lures for differents seasons, water temperatures and water clarity.
|Season||Water Temperature||Clear Water||Muddy Water|
|Winter||30-40°||jigs, jigging spoons, spinnerbait, grups||spinnerbait, jibs, crankbait|
|40-50°||jigging spoons, finesse crankbaits,||shallow crankbait, square-bill crankbait, spinnerbait|
|50-60°||shallow crankbaits, spinnerbaits, jigs, jerkbaits , swimbaits||shallow crankbait, square-bill crankbait, spinnerbait, lipless crankbaits, creature baits|
|Spring||60-65°||crankbaits, shallow diving crankbaits, lipless crankbaits (flats with isolated weeds), square-bill crankbaits (sloping banks and timber cover), topwaters, jerkbaits, creatures, finesse jigs, spinnerbaits||spinnerbaits, crankbaits, soft plastics, jigs, buzzbaits|
|65-70°||topwaters, crankbaits, jigs, spinnerbaits, creatures, frogs||jigs, plastics, frogs, buzzbaits, crankbait, spinnerbait|
|Summer||70-75°||crankbaits, spinnerbaits, jigs, buzzbaits, frogs, creature baits, worms, deep diving crankbaits (when fishing deeper waters), neko rig, drop-shot rig||crankbaits, spinnerbaits, soft plastics, jigs, buzzbaits, deep diving crankbaits (when fishing deeper waters), neko rig, drop-shot rig|
|70-80°||shallow crankbaits, worms, spinnerbaits, jigs, buzzbaits, frogs, creature baits, topwaters, drop shot rigs, jigging spoons, swimbaits||shallow crankbaits, spinnerbaits, soft plastics, jigs, buzzbaits, large soft plastics and worms, diving crankbaits|
|Fall||50° or below||jigging spoons, blade baits, slow rolled spinnerbaits, jerkbaits, lipless crankbaits||slow spinnerbaits, crankbaits|
|50-60°||bladebaits, crankbaits (medium diving), finesse crankbaits, buzzbaits, jigs, spinnerbaits, bladebaits, swimbaits, worms||crankbaits (medium diving), spinnerbaits, jibs, buzzbaits|
|60-70°||lipless crankbaits, spinnerbaits, shallow crankbaits, offshore jigs, blade baits||lipless crankbaits, crankbaits, spinner baits, buzzbaits, jigs, frogs, worms|