Fish Finder Rig

The fish finder rig is an ideal fishing rig for surf casting and still fishing. The design of the fish finder rig allows it to excel in challenging conditions such as the big waves and high winds just off the surf.

The fish finder rig is easy to create and works well for catching a variety of fish, such as sea trout, bluefish, red drum, flounder, striped bass, and snook. While one of the most popular fishing rigs, the fish finder is not ideal for all situations. The following are the advantages and disadvantages of the fish finder rig.

  • Easy to setup
  • Good surf stability
  • Long casting
  • Resists wind and current
  • Natural bait presentation
  • Free movement of bait
  • Allows bait to be worked
  • Not for all structure types
  • Not ideal around weeds or wrecks
  • Best only in open waters with sandy bottoms

How the fish finder rig works

The secret to the fish finder rig is the heavy pyramid sinker attached up the line (18″) from the hook. The sinker rests on sea floor holding the hook and the line near the bottom.

The pyramid weight allows the leader to easily move around so the baited hook floats in the current while bouncing up and down. This makes the bait appear as if it is alive, helping it to attract at bite.

The sinker will slowly move as it is pulled by the current. As it moves, it will kick up small clouds of sand giving the appearance of an injured baitfish near your presentation.

The pyramid sinker is attached to the main line by a sinker slide (size 5). When a fish takes the bait the line slides freely without moving the sinker. This provides a natural experience entincing the the fish to take the bait and allowing the hook to set.

The fish finder rig is also ideal for long casts allowing for proper bait placement and getting your presentation beyond the breaking surf.

The following diagram shows a basic fish finder rig setup.

Fish Finder Rig

Fish Finder Rig Setup and Supplies

The fish finder rig is composed of a circle hook attached a leader line, which in turn is attached to the main line using a swivel. Directly above the swivel their is a plastic red bead followed by a pyramid sinker afixed to the main line by a sinker slider.

The basic supplies required for the fish finder rig are shown in the following table.

HookA circle hook is the most popular option for the fish finder rig. Hook size will depend on the target game fish species but will typically range between 5/0 and 8/0.
Leader lineGenerally, the leader line will range from 12"-24"(1-2ft), but it may be longer or shorter. Larger predatory fish, such as sharks, may require a 36"-48" (3-4ft) leader. Shorter leaders work well for casting long distance and fighting strong currents. Longer leaders work well in clear water where you want to avoid presenting your sinker.
The leader should be about 40-100 lb test and can be made of monofilament, flourocarbon or steel depending on the target fish species and conditions. Stronger leader is required for sharks and abrasive environments.
Barrel swivelThe barrel swivel attaches the leader line to the mainline. It also prevents the bead and sinker from sliding down to the hook. Recommended swivel sizes are #3 and #5. We also recommend a swivel with a 220 lb test weight to ensure it doesn't snap when casting or retreiving.
Lock snap (duo)Typically you'll use a plastic sliding sleeve to attach the sinker to the main line. However, a barrel swivel may be used in place of a plastic sleeve as the sinker slide. When using a barrel swivel as your slider, a duo lock snap with a snap rating of 150+ lbs will be needed to attach the sinker to the barrel swivel.
BeadThe bead protects the knot that connects the leader line to the main line, as well as from the sinker slide or sliding barrel swivel. Secondarily, it prevents the sinker from moving down the line toward the hook. Colorful beads may also attract fish. Preferred bead colors are red, yellow and orange. Recommended bead size is 4-8mm, with 8mm being the most popular size.
Beads can be purchased that produce a clicking sound to help attract fish.
Sinker (weight)The sinker, or casting weight, helps hold the presentation on the bottom and resist current. The most popular weight size is 3-4oz. The fish finder rig traditionally uses a pyramid sinker but an egg-shaped sinker will also work. When using an egg shaped sinker, a plastic sleeve is not required.
Sliding sleeve (sinker slider)The plastic sliding sleeve allows the sinker to move freely up the main line. It also allows the bait to move freely without pulling the sinker. This creates a natural presentation that allows the fish to work the bait without resistence. When surf fishing, make sure to purchase a high quality sinker slide that will not break.

The fish finder rig can be adapted and modified for specific fish species. The following table provides recommended setups for different size game fish species.

Fish speciesRig setup
Red Drum, Bluefish, Snook, Sea Trout, Croaker, Sheepshead, Striped Bass, Flounder, etc. in the 20-40" range5/0 Circle Hook, 18" Steel (or Flourocarbon) Leader #40lb., 8mm diameter Plastic Red Bead, Size 5 Sinker Slider, 3oz Pyramid Sinker
Small Sharks5/0 Circle Hook, 36" Steel Leader #40lb., 8mm diameter Plastic Red Bead, Size 5 Sinker Slider, 3oz Pyramid Sinker
Red Drum, Bull Drum, Striped Bass, White Sea Bass, Snook, Tarpon, Cobia, Halibut, etc. above 40"+8/0 Circle Hook, 36″ Steel Leader #80 Lb., 8mm diameter Plastic Red Bead, Size 6 Sinker Slide, 6 Oz. Pyramid Sinker

To keep your bait off the sea floor and protect it from bottom feeding crabs and crustaceans a foam peg float can be attached to the leader just a few inches above the the hook to add bouyancy. I recommend only adding a peg float when the fishing is really good as it can scare off finicky feeders like Snook. Less picky feeders, such as shark, bull drum, bluefish and stripers, will not be bothered by the addition of a peg float to your leader.

fish finder rig with foam peg floater

Baiting a Fish Finder Rig

When surf fishing or still fishing in saltwater, the fish finder rig is almost always fished using cut bait. Live bait can work with the fish finder rig but dead cut bait is more practical, and far more popular. Using cut bait maximizes scent by releasing the natural oils of the baitfish into the current.

Common cut bait include fresh mullet, mackerel, bunker, herring, and croaker. Sardines may also work. Pieces of clams, mussels, squid and shrimp can also be effectie depending on the target game fish. When using live bait, sand flease, shrimp, bloodworms, sandworms, grunion, crabs and sardines are popular choices.

Steps for creating the Fish Finder Rig

To create the fish finder, simply take a hook and attach it to a leader. Once that is complete, tie the other end of the leader to a barrel swivel. Then, place a bead and a sliding sleeve (sinker slider) on the main line above the barrel swivel. Finally, add a pyramid sinker to the lock snap.

Step 1 – Attach your hook to your leader line using a snell knot.

Step 2 – Attach the other end of the leader line to a barrel swivel.

Step 3 – Place a sliding lock snap or plastic sleeve (sinker slider) on the main line.

Step 4 – Attach a bead to the main line below the plastic sleeve and above the barrel swivel.

Step 5 – Attach the main line to the barrel swivel.

Step 6 – Attach the pyramid sinker (or egg-shaped sinker) to the lock snap or plastic sliding sleeve.